India’s state-level initiatives are driving the clean energy transition by promoting Green Hydrogen production and usage, with several states implementing policies and incentives to support the development of Green Hydrogen hubs and infrastructure

Green Hydrogen in India

India is making bold strides in the fight against climate change with a strong commitment to Green Hydrogen, setting a global benchmark for carbon neutrality. Positioned at the forefront of an energy revolution, India sees Green Hydrogen as a key player in its sustainable agenda. Lets see how different states in India are leading the charge in the Green Hydrogen revolution, showcasing key policies, advancements, and their potential to drive sustainable growth.

The Green Hydrogen Spectrum in India

India’s Green Hydrogen spectrum is rapidly expanding, driven by ambitious national goals to become a global leader in clean energy production. This clean energy form is produced by splitting water into hydrogen and oxygen using renewable energy sources like solar and wind. With a vast potential of about 750 GW solar and 302 GW wind energy, India is well-equipped for major Green Hydrogen projects. According to the International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA), hydrogen could comprise up to 12% of global energy use by 2050, reducing annual CO2 emissions by six gigatonnes, aligning with international climate goals and establishing India as a global leader in green energy transitions.

Hydrogen’s Role Across Sectors: Enabling Sustainability

Hydrogen fuel cells are being applied in various sectors, providing versatile, eco-friendly energy solutions. From powering trains and buses to being utilized in heavy industries like steel and cement, Green Hydrogen serves as a cleaner alternative to traditional fossil fuels. It is particularly promising for the steel industry, which is responsible for a significant portion of fossil fuel emissions. Additionally, Green Hydrogen is vital for fertilizer production, which heavily depends on hydrogen. Its adaptability also extends to electricity generation and residential heating, showcasing its potential in transforming energy use across multiple domains.

India’s Bold Steps with the National Green Hydrogen Mission

India’s commitment is further emphasized through the National Green Hydrogen Mission, with an allocation of Rs 19,700 crore in the 2023 budget. This mission aims to foster the production of Green Hydrogen with a stringent carbon emission limit to ensure environmental benefits. By targeting the production of 5 million metric tons of Green Hydrogen by 2030, India plans to reduce its fossil fuel dependence, save on imports, and cut significant carbon emissions. A $2.3 billion investment is directed towards enhancing renewable energy capacities, ensuring India remains competitive in the burgeoning global Green Hydrogen market.

State Initiatives Leading Green Hydrogen Innovations

Maharashtra: A Forerunner in Green Hydrogen Development

Maharashtra is setting high standards with its comprehensive Green Hydrogen Policy 2023, which encourages investments and offers incentives for Green Hydrogen projects. The state’s robust policy framework aims to develop a thriving Green Hydrogen and derivatives market, contributing significantly to the industry’s growth and sustainability. Maharashtra provides substantial incentives for renewable projects, such as Green Hydrogen and electrolyzer manufacturing, including a 100% discount on electricity. Moreover, the first 20 Green Hydrogen refueling stations receive a 30% subsidy on capital costs, with each eligible for up to ₹4.50 crore.

Gujarat: Pioneering the Global Green Hydrogen Economy

Gujarat plans to become a prime hub for Green Hydrogen, driven by substantial investments and strategic initiatives. Announcements at the Vibrant Gujarat Global Summit 2024 highlighted significant steps towards creating an integrated Green Hydrogen infrastructure, aiming to position Gujarat as a global leader in sustainable energy sources.

Rajasthan: Leveraging Solar Potential for Hydrogen Production

Rajasthan is leveraging its abundant solar energy for Green Hydrogen production, aligning with national goals under the National Green Hydrogen Mission. The state’s initiatives are supported by robust financial plans and policies aimed at boosting renewable energy utilization and reducing Green Hydrogen production costs.

Karnataka: Establishing India’s First Green Hydrogen Cluster

Karnataka is making strategic investments to set up the country’s first Green Hydrogen cluster in Mangalore, focusing on using renewable sources for hydrogen production. This initiative represents a significant move towards integrating sustainable energy solutions into the state’s industrial and energy sectors.

Challenges and Opportunities: The Path Ahead

While India’s progress in Green Hydrogen is noteworthy, challenges like high production costs, infrastructure needs, and regulatory issues remain. However, the potential benefits of Green Hydrogen for energy security and economic growth are immense. Supportive policies at state and national levels are critical for advancing Green Hydrogen technologies and ensuring India’s prominent role in this global green revolution.


Indian states are driving the Green Hydrogen revolution, each making distinct contributions to this emerging sector. Maharashtra aims to become a production hub, Gujarat links renewable resources with infrastructure, Rajasthan focuses on exports, and Karnataka invests in research. Together, these efforts not only push India towards a sustainable future but also position it as a leader in Green Hydrogen technology, paving the way for eco-friendly innovation and robust economic growth.

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